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This is a financial promotion for First State Diversified Growth Fund for professional clients only in the EEA and elsewhere where lawful. Investing involves certain risks including:

The value of investments and any income from them may go down as well as up and are not guaranteed. Investors may get back significantly less than the original amount invested.

  • Currency risk: changes in exchange rates will affect the value of assets which are denominated in other currencies.
  • Emerging market risk: emerging markets may not provide the same level of investor protection as a developed market; they may involve a higher risk than investing in developed markets.
  • Derivative risk: the use of derivatives may result in large price fluctuations and gains or losses that are greater than an investment in the underlying asset.
  • Credit risk: the issuers of bonds or similar investments may not pay income or repay capital when due.
  • Interest rate risk: interest rates affect the value of investments; if rates go up, the value of investments fall and vice versa.

Reference to specific securities or companies (if any) are included to explain the investment strategy and should not be construed as investment advice, or a recommendation to invest in any of those companies.

For a full description of the terms of investment and the risks please see the prospectus and Key Investor Information Document.

If you are in any doubt as to the suitability of our funds for your investment needs, please seek investment advice.

Three scenarios where it pays to be dynamic

When to be dynamic - The right option for the right environment.

There are times when markets do the hard work. In the past few years, for example, abundant liquidity has driven asset prices higher, and even the most non-discriminating investor has made positive returns. It has been enough simply to be invested.

However, there are times when the market doesn’t help investors, and today may be one of those times. If valuations are stretched – as they appear to be in equity markets – investors are not sufficiently compensated for the risk of taking exposure. At this point, it is important not to be dependent on beta or market risk, but to look beyond directional long-only strategies to generate returns.

At this point it makes more sense to rely more on alpha generation or non-directional strategies. This means holding less in market-driven strategies, or duration-linked strategies, and more in strategies that look at the relative attractiveness of different asset classes. Over time, there are a number of consistent return drivers: They can be value – the relative cost of an asset; or momentum – focusing on market trends; or carry – the amount investors are paid to hold an asset; or it can be macro – what macro indicators say about certain asset classes. It may also be asset class-specific indicators. In commodities, for example, it might be whether the commodity curve is in contango or backwardation. In the fixed income, it can be the yield curve.

It is possible to invest in these five return drivers in a non-directional way. In this way, they are not correlated with conventional long-only equity and bond strategies. At times when valuations are stretched, it makes sense to raise the alpha part of the portfolio to continue to achieve the long-term objective.

Of course, it can also work the other way. There are times when it is absolutely right to position a portfolio for rising markets. When there are lots of opportunities and attractive valuations, investors don’t have to rely as much on non-directional or alpha strategies. In late 2015/early 2016, there was a significant sell-off in energy markets all around the world and emerging market currencies experienced significant volatility. We took positions in emerging market debt at that point. It made sense to allocate to ‘beta’.

The widely-used 60/40 blend of equities and bonds first became popular in the 1980s. Our research suggests that over the past 100 years, this was the best time possible for this type of allocation because equity markets were very cheap and interest rates were very high. Investors received the benefit of having high yields on their fixed income holdings and buying into a cheap equity market. Fixed income provided good protection during equity market sell-offs, because yields collapsed at times of economic stress. While this could happen again, it would be on a much smaller scale and the protection provided by this blend is far less. To our mind, investors need to look elsewhere to lower the risk in portfolios, rather than rely on this type of static allocation.

Our flexible and dynamic process aims to adapt to different environments rather than assuming that a static allocation will bail us out. We try to look at ways that the portfolio would have behaved in an historic ‘stress’ scenario. This might be scenarios such as the credit crisis, or the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy, a recession, or the 2013 ‘taper tantrum’. We would also look at hypothetical scenarios such as a hard Brexit.

For each of these scenarios, we look at the main risks in the portfolio. It is a good way to work out the hidden risks in our portfolios and to ensure the risks within the portfolio are there because certain markets are attractive. We look at how asset markets behaved in historical periods when inflation rose and growth was healthy. How would the portfolio have performed? We also incorporate protection strategies, depending on the implied volatility in the market and how expensive it is to achieve this protection.

In this way, by being flexible and dynamic we adapt our portfolio to the prevailing market environment. We want to make sure that we only take risk where it is worth taking. In today’s climate, many asset classes are expensive, and investors are poorly compensated. As such, it is time to look beyond beta to non-directional strategies to defend returns.